Abstract: Existential Anxieties and Right-Wing Populism in Europe – Why People Unconcerned by Globalization Vote Against it
In recent years several contributions have made the argument that right-wing populist voting is interrelated with individuals being negatively affected by globalization. While there is certainly merit to this argument, it cannot explain why voters unconcerned by globalization vote for right-wing populist parties. In this article we answer this question and argue that ontological insecurity or, the way we frame it, existential anxieties are a previously overlooked determinant of right-wing populist voting, as these anxieties make people vulnerable to right-wing populist crises narratives even when they are not affected by the crises.
Using European Social Survey data for 11 Western European countries between 2004 and 2018, we construct a novel index that measures existential anxieties on the individual level. Our index shows (1) that existential anxieties increase the likelihood of right-wing populist voting and (2) that the fear fueling narratives of these parties especially mobilize individuals with moderate globalization attitudes.
Cooperation with Anne Metten
Michael Bayerlein, Doc. cand.
Kiel University, Comparative Politics & IfW Kiel, International Finance and Macroeconomics
Existential Anxieties and Right-Wing Populism in Europe – Why People Unconcerned by Globalization Vote Against it
Future of Politics, Work and Society/ Digitalization
Research and projects in this cluster are focused on the labor market and job prospects, communication and free speech, data protection, etc., in an environment of automation and digitalization.